The Library of Celsus: A Monument of Ancient Knowledge
The Library of Celsus is a monumental building located in the ancient city of Ephesus, Turkey. Built in the 2nd century AD, it served as a library and a mausoleum for the Roman senator Tiberius Julius Celsus Polemaeanus.
In this blog post, we will explore the history, design, and legacy of the Library of Celsus, one of the most remarkable examples of ancient knowledge preservation.
History of the Library of Celsus
The Library of Celsus was built between 114 and 117 AD, during the reign of the Roman Emperor Hadrian. It was commissioned by Tiberius Julius Celsus Polemaeanus, a wealthy Roman senator and governor of the province of Asia, who wanted to honor his father's memory by building a grand library in his name.
The library was designed by the Greek architect, Deinocrates, and was built by local craftsmen using marble and other precious materials. It was one of the largest and most impressive libraries of its time, with a capacity of over 12,000 scrolls.
The Library of Celsus was destroyed by an earthquake in the 3rd century AD, and its remains were buried under rubble for centuries. In the 1970s, a restoration project was undertaken to excavate and restore the library to its former glory.
Design of the Library of Celsus
The Library of Celsus was a grandiose building, with two floors and a central entrance. Its facade was adorned with Corinthian columns, statues, and reliefs depicting the life and accomplishments of Tiberius Julius Celsus Polemaeanus.
The library's interior was equally impressive, with niches for statues, a reading room, and a lecture hall. The walls were lined with bookcases made of marble, and the floor was paved with colorful mosaics.
The Library of Celsus was not only a place for storing and reading books but also a cultural center where scholars and philosophers could gather, exchange ideas, and give lectures.
Legacy of the Library of Celsus
The Library of Celsus was not only a magnificent example of ancient architecture but also a testament to the importance of knowledge preservation. It was one of the largest and most important libraries of its time, and its destruction was a significant loss for human knowledge and culture.
Today, the Library of Celsus is a popular tourist attraction in Turkey, attracting visitors from all over the world. It is a reminder of the ancient world's sophistication and the value that they placed on education and intellectual pursuits.
Q: Who was Tiberius Julius Celsus Polemaeanus?
A: Tiberius Julius Celsus Polemaeanus was a wealthy Roman senator and governor of the province of Asia who commissioned the Library of Celsus in honor of his father.
Q: What was the capacity of the Library of Celsus?
A: The Library of Celsus had a capacity of over 12,000 scrolls.
Q: What happened to the Library of Celsus?
A: The Library of Celsus was destroyed by an earthquake in the 3rd century AD.
The Library of Celsus is a remarkable example of ancient knowledge preservation and architectural grandeur. Built over two thousand years ago, it served as a library, a mausoleum, and a cultural center, where scholars
To check tour options to Library of Celsus click here
Articles about the most important historical places
Perge, Aspendos and Waterfalls