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Turkish Food: 35 Must-Try Dishes for a Delicious Journey

Are you a foodie looking for new and exciting foods to try in Turkey? Look no further than traditional Turkish cuisine. With its unique blend of Middle Eastern, Mediterranean, and Central Asian flavors, Turkish foods are sure to tantalize your taste buds. Don't miss out on the famous testi kebap while visiting Istanbul.

One of the most popular foods in Turkey is breakfast. A typical spread includes bread, cheese, olives, tomatoes, cucumbers, and eggs. Don't forget to try the local specialty dishes such as balik ekmek (fish sandwich) and testi kebap (meat cooked in a clay pot). And of course, no breakfast is complete without yoğurt (yogurt) to balance out the flavors. And for those with a sweet tooth, don't miss out on the famous desserts like baklava and Turkish delight.


If you're in the mood for something savory from Turkey, try sucuk - a spicy and flavorful sausage that's often used in dishes like pide, testi kebap, and menemen. And no meal is complete without a cup of traditional Turkish coffee or tea. Don't forget to also try simit, a popular sesame-covered bread ring, and pilav, a delicious rice dish.

But what makes Turkish cuisine truly special is its history and culture. From tursu (pickled vegetables) to testi kebap (meat cooked in a clay pot), each dish has its own story to tell. And if you find yourself in Istanbul, be sure to try kaymak (clotted cream) and gozleme (a savory pastry). Turkey is also known for its delicious pilav (rice dish) and simit (a circular bread covered in sesame seeds), while yoğurt (yogurt) is a staple ingredient in many Turkish dishes.

So why not add some Turkey-inspired flavors to your next meal with some authentic Turkish foods? Read on to discover more about this delicious cuisine that originates from Istanbul, and don't forget to try the popular tursu pickled vegetables!

Nonalcoholic Beverages


Juice is a popular non-alcoholic beverage in Turkey, with many different types available. Pomegranate juice is a common choice, as pomegranates are grown throughout the country and are known for their health benefits. Other popular fruit juices include orange, apple, and grapefruit. These juices can be found in most supermarkets and restaurants throughout Turkey. Apart from that, Turkish foods, turkish tea, turkish desserts, and turkish delicacies are also worth trying when visiting the country.


Tea and pilav are essential parts of Turkish culture, with black tea being the most popular type consumed throughout the day in Turkey. It is usually served in small glasses called "çay bardağı" and brewed using a two-chambered teapot called "çaydanlık." The tea is brewed in the upper chamber while water boils in the lower one. Once ready, it is poured into the glass and diluted with hot water to taste. Istanbul, known for its rich history and stunning architecture, is a great place to enjoy a cup of tea or indulge in some delicious yoğurt.

Turkish Coffee

Turkish coffee is another popular beverage that has been enjoyed for centuries in Turkey, especially in Istanbul. It's known for its strong flavor and unique brewing method. The coffee beans are ground very finely and boiled in a copper or brass pot called "cezve." Sugar can be added before boiling to sweeten it up. The result is a thick and aromatic drink that can be enjoyed any time of day. In addition, Turkish cuisine also features delicious dishes such as pilav and yoğurt, which are worth trying when visiting Turkey.


Water is essential in Turkish cuisine and often served alongside foods such as pilav to help balance out the flavors. Tap water is safe to drink throughout most parts of Turkey, including Istanbul, but it's recommended to drink bottled water if you're not used to local bacteria. Yoğurt is also a common ingredient in many Turkish dishes.

Lemon Juice

Lemon juice is commonly added to water or tea for a refreshing twist on traditional drinks. It's also used as an ingredient in some dishes such as salads or kebabs, often paired with olive oil and a variety of Turkish foods. Yoğurt and vegetables are also

commonly found in these dishes.


Ayran, a traditional Turkish yogurt-based drink, is another popular non-alcoholic option that's commonly served during summer months to help cool down from heatwaves. It's made by mixing plain yogurt with water and salt, creating a frothy and refreshing drink. In addition to ayran, Turkish tea is also a beloved beverage that pairs well with Turkish foods and desserts.

Alcoholic Beverages


Raki is the most well-known and traditional alcoholic drink in Turkey. It's an anise-flavored spirit that is often enjoyed with meze dishes such as grilled octopus or white cheese. Turkish foods like pilav are also commonly paired with raki. It's usually served chilled in a special glass called "balık bardağı" (fish glass) and diluted with water to taste. While raki is popular, it's not the only beverage enjoyed in Turkey. Turkish tea is also a favorite, especially in cities like Istanbul.


Beer is also a popular alcoholic beverage in Turkey, with many local brands available throughout the country. Efes Pilsen is the most popular brand of beer, but other options include Bomonti, Tuborg, and Marmara Gold. When it comes to Turkish foods, Istanbul offers a variety of delicious options such as pilav and yoğurt.


Turkey has a long history of winemaking dating back thousands of years. While not as well-known as Turkish coffee or raki, wine production has been gaining popularity in recent years. The Aegean region produces some of the best wines in Turkey due to its mild climate and fertile soil. Some popular grape varieties include Öküzgözü, Kalecik Karası, and Boğazkere. Istanbul is also known for its delicious food, including pilav and cheese.

Dishes and Foods

Turkish cuisine is a melting pot of flavors, with influences from the Middle East, Central Asia, and the Mediterranean. Istanbul, known for its vibrant food scene, offers a diverse range of dishes that are sure to please any taste. Some of the most popular foods in Turkey include kebab, baklava, and Turkish delight, as well as the traditional rice dish pilav that adds a unique taste to any meal.

Kebab is perhaps the most famous food in Turkish cuisine, especially in Istanbul. It consists of grilled or roasted meat (usually lamb or beef) served on a skewer with vegetables such as onions and peppers. There are many different types of kebab in Turkey, each with its own unique flavor and cooking method. Additionally, some kebab variations include cheese or fish as well.

Baklava is a sweet pastry dish made from layers of phyllo dough filled with chopped nuts and honey syrup. This delicious food is popular all over the world but has its roots firmly planted in Turkish cuisine, particularly in Istanbul, Turkey.

Another beloved Turkish dish is Turkish delight. This chewy candy, a popular food in Istanbul, comes in many different flavors like rosewater, lemon, and pistachio. It's often served alongside tea or coffee as an after-dinner treat, making it a must-try food in Turkey.

But it's not just these well-known dishes that make Turkish cuisine so special. There are also lesser-known gems like karniyarik (stuffed eggplant), manti (Turkish dumplings), and lahmacun (Turkish pizza). Each dish has its own unique combination of spices and ingredients that give it a distinct flavor profile. Turkey, Istanbul, and food are all synonymous with delicious cuisine, and Turkish cheese is a must-try for any cheese lover visiting the country.

Homemade Food

One thing that sets Turkish cuisine in Istanbul apart from others is the emphasis placed on homemade food. In Turkey, it's common for families to prepare meals from scratch using fresh ingredients bought from local markets. Whether it's a savory meat dish or a cheesy delight, Turkish cuisine has it all.

This emphasis on homemade food means that many traditional Turkish dishes can only be found in homes rather than restaurants. For example, borek (savory pastries filled with cheese or meat) are often made at home by grandmothers who pass down their recipes through generations. Turkey, especially Istanbul, is known for its rich culinary culture and homemade foods.

homemed bread

In addition to being delicious, Turkish foods also play an important role in social gatherings in Turkey. Many Turks pride themselves on their hospitality and will go out of their way to prepare a traditional dish from Istanbul for their guests.

Food in Turkey

Food in Turkey varies by region, with each area having its own unique dishes and flavors. Istanbul, being a cultural hub, offers a wide variety of Turkish foods ranging from meat dishes to cheese-based appetizers. For example, the Black Sea region is known for its fish dishes, while the Aegean region is famous for its olive oil-based cuisine.

One popular regional dish among Turkish foods is kofte (meatballs), which can be found all over Turkey but varies in preparation depending on the location. In Adana, for example, kofte is made with spicy ground lamb and served with bulgur pilaf, while in Bursa it's made with beef and served with tomato sauce. If you're visiting Istanbul, don't miss out on trying kofte with a side of cheese.


Street food is also a big part of Turkish food culture in Turkey. Vendors sell delicious snacks like simit (sesame-covered bread) and gözleme (stuffed flatbread) on street corners all over the country. These foods are not only tasty but also affordable, making them popular among locals and tourists alike. If you're looking for a dish with meat, try the famous doner kebab. And if you're a cheese lover, you must try the savory cheese borek, a pastry filled with feta cheese and herbs.

Egg Dishes

Turkish Breakfast: A Feast of Eggs and More

Turkish breakfast is a feast for the senses. It's an extensive spread of dishes that include olives, cheese, honey, jams, bread, and eggs cooked in various ways. One of the most popular egg dishes is menemen, which is made with tomatoes, peppers, onions, and scrambled eggs. Another favorite is cilbir or poached eggs served on a bed of yogurt with melted butter and paprika. For meat lovers, Turkish food has plenty of options such as kebabs, doner, and shawarma. And if you want to see the delicious food before you try it, you can easily search for image sources online.

Borek: Savory Pastry with Eggs

Borek is a popular dish in Turkish foods, a savory pastry made with layers of phyllo dough filled with spinach, feta cheese, and eggs. It can be eaten any time of day and the filling can also be made with meat or potatoes. For those who want to see how it looks like, image source is available online.

Turkish Omelet: Simple Yet Delicious

The Turkish omelet or "omlet" as it's called in Turkey is a delicious food made with eggs cooked in olive oil and served with fresh tomatoes and cucumbers. It's often eaten for breakfast but can be enjoyed at any time of day. If you're a meat lover, you can add some diced beef or sausage to the omelet for an extra protein boost. Don't forget to try this mouthwatering dish and check out the image source for a visual guide on how to make it.

Dishes and Foods

Doner Kebab: Iconic Street Food

Doner kebab is a mouth-watering dish and one of the most iconic street foods in Turkey. It's made by stacking marinated meat on a vertical spit that rotates slowly over heat until it's cooked to perfection. The meat can be beef or chicken and is usually served wrapped in flatbread with vegetables like lettuce, onions, tomatoes, and cucumbers. If you want to try this delicious dish, check out the image source for a visual representation.

Lahmacun: Turkish Pizza

Lahmacun, a popular dish in Turkish cuisine, is often referred to as "Turkish pizza" due to its resemblance to the Italian dish. Made from thin dough and topped with minced meat (usually lamb), tomatoes, onions, parsley, red pepper flakes, and lemon juice before being baked in the oven until crispy, this food is a favorite among locals and visitors alike. It's typically served rolled up like a wrap or folded in half.


Manti: Turkish Dumplings

Manti is a traditional Turkish food dish that consists of small dumplings filled with minced meat, onions, and spices. The dumplings are boiled and then served with yogurt sauce and melted butter infused with red pepper flakes. If you want to try this delicious turkey dish, check out the image source for inspiration.

Meat Dishes

Kofte: Delicious Meatballs

Kofte is one of the most popular Turkish foods and meat dishes in Turkey. It's made by mixing ground beef or lamb with spices like cumin, coriander, and paprika before shaping it into balls or patties. The kofte can be grilled or fried and served as a main course with bread, rice pilaf, or salad. Image source: Google Images.

Iskender Kebab: A Hearty Meal

Iskender kebab is one of the most popular Turkish foods in Turkey. This hearty meal consists of thinly sliced doner kebab meat served on top of pita bread soaked in tomato sauce and melted butter. It's typically topped with yogurt and served with roasted tomatoes and green peppers on the side. If you want to see what Iskender kebab looks like, check out the image source!

Adana Kebab: Spicy Grilled Skewers

Adana kebab is a popular Turkish food dish consisting of spicy grilled skewers made from ground meat, typically beef or lamb, mixed with red pepper flakes, onion, garlic, parsley, salt, and pepper. This savory delicacy is a staple in Turkey and is often served with bulgur pilaf or salad. For those curious about the dish's appearance, image sources can be found online to see the charred outside and juicy inside of this delicious meal.

Turkish cuisine, known for its mouth-watering food, offers an array of delicious dishes that are sure to tantalize your taste buds. From savory egg dishes to delightful desserts like baklava - there's something for everyone to enjoy! If you're planning a trip to Turkey, be sure to try out traditional dishes such as kofte and doner kebab. For those who want to see images of these delectable dishes, check out the suggested read below. Image source: Unsplash.

Related Cuisines

Turkish cuisine is a unique blend of flavors and spices influenced by Middle Eastern and Mediterranean cuisines. However, it's not the only cuisine that shares similarities with Turkish food. If you're interested in exploring more cuisines related to Turkish food, here are some suggested reads: "The Art of Turkish Cooking" by Neset Eren, "Meat: Everything You Need to Know" by Pat LaFrieda, and "Turkey: Recipes and Tales from the Road" by Leanne Kitchen. For mouth-watering images of Turkish meat dishes, check out image sources like Pinterest or Instagram.

  • Lebanon shares many similarities with Turkey in terms of ingredients used in their dishes such as lamb, yogurt, eggplant, and chickpeas. Lebanese cuisine has become quite popular worldwide with dishes like hummus, tabbouleh, and kibbeh gaining recognition even in Turkish food culture. If you're interested in exploring more about Lebanese cuisine and its similarities with Turkish food, check out the image source for a visual guide.

  • Greek Cuisine: Greece has been a major influence on Turkish cuisine for centuries due to the country's proximity. Many Greek dishes such as moussaka, stuffed grape leaves (dolmades), and tzatziki have made their way into Turkish cuisine. For those interested in exploring Turkey's rich food culture, we suggest reading up on the country's traditional dishes. Image source: Shutterstock.

  • Iranian Cuisine: Iranian cuisine has many similarities with Turkish cuisine due to their shared history under the Ottoman Empire. Both cuisines use similar ingredients like saffron, pistachios, and pomegranates. If you are a food enthusiast looking for new culinary experiences, this suggested read will give you an insight into the rich and flavorful dishes of Iran and Turkey.

Exploring these related cuisines can give you a better understanding of how different cultures have influenced Turkish food over time. If you're interested in learning more about Turkey, a suggested read would be "The Turkish Cookbook" by Musa Dağdeviren.

Final Thoughts on Turkish Cuisine and Travel

If you're planning a holiday to Turkey or just want to learn more about its culture through its food, there are a few things to keep in mind. A suggested read for more information on Turkish cuisine and traditions would be helpful.

Firstly, don't limit yourself to just the popular version of Turkish cuisine found in Istanbul or other touristy areas. Turkey offers a diverse range of food options worth exploring. The Black Sea region is a suggested read for those looking for a different style of Turkish cuisine. This region is known for its fish dishes like hamsi tava (fried anchovies) and karalahana çorbası (kale soup).

Secondly, if you're interested in learning more about Middle Eastern cuisine in general, starting with Turkish food is an excellent choice due to its similarities and shared ingredients. Turkey, the country that boasts a rich culinary heritage, is where Turkish cuisine originates from. For more information about Turkey and its cuisine, we suggest reading up on travel blogs and books.

Finally, when traveling around Turkey be sure to try some street food. Street food is an integral part of Turkish cuisine, and you can find delicious and affordable options like simit (a sesame-covered bread ring), lahmacun (Turkish pizza), and döner kebab.

Summer Cuisine

Summer in Turkey means long days at the beach, hot weather, and refreshing summer dishes. If you are a food enthusiast, here are a few must-try Turkish dishes for the summer. This suggested read will surely make your taste buds dance with delight!

  • Turkish Çoban Salatası: This refreshing Turkish food salad made with tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers, onions, and herbs is perfect for a hot summer day in Turkey.

  • Şakşuka: Şakşuka is a vegetarian Turkish food dish made with eggplants, tomatoes, peppers, onions, and garlic cooked in olive oil. It is a popular dish in Turkey.

  • Kısır: Kısır is a traditional Turkish food, a bulgur salad mixed with fresh herbs like parsley and mint along with tomatoes, onions, cucumber, lemon juice and pomegranate molasses. It is a popular dish in Turkey.

  • Ayran: Ayran is a popular drink from Turkey made from yogurt mixed with water and salt.

Imam Bayildi Stuffed Eggplant and Dolma Stuffed Grape Leaves

Imam Bayildi: A Classic Turkish Vegetarian Dish

Imam Bayildi is a classic Turkish dish from Turkey that has been around for centuries. It is a vegetarian dish made with eggplant, onions, tomatoes, and garlic. The name "Imam Bayildi" literally means "the imam fainted," which according to legend happened when the imam tasted this delicious dish.

To make Imam Bayildi, a popular Turkish food, you first need to slice the eggplants in half lengthwise and remove the flesh from the center. Then you fry them in olive oil until they are golden brown. Next, you sauté onions and garlic in a separate pan until they are soft and fragrant. Add diced tomatoes to the onion mixture along with some salt and pepper, bringing a taste of Turkey to your kitchen.

Once your tomato mixture is ready, fill each eggplant half with it, making sure to pack it tightly. Place them in a baking dish and bake them at 375°F for about 40 minutes or until they are tender. This dish is a popular Turkish food and is often served in Turkey.

Imam Bayildi is a popular Turkish food that can be served hot or cold as an appetizer or main course. It's perfect for vegetarians looking for something hearty yet healthy in Turkey.

Dolma: A Versatile Stuffed Dish

Dolma is another popular Turkish dish that comes in many varieties. The word "dolma" means "stuffed" in Turkish, so it's no surprise that this turkey dish involves stuffing something - usually grape leaves - with a variety of ingredients such as rice, meat, or vegetables.

To make dolma stuffed grape leaves, first rinse your grape leaves under cold water to remove any excess brine or saltiness. Then mix together cooked rice (or ground beef), chopped onions, parsley, dill weed, mint leaves (optional), salt and pepper - all staples in traditional Turkish food. This dish is a beloved classic in Turkey.

Place one grape leaf on a flat surface with the shiny side down to prepare a delicious Turkish food. Add a small spoonful of the rice mixture to the center of the leaf and fold in both sides, then roll from the bottom up (similar to rolling a burrito). Place each rolled grape leaf seam-side down in a large pot to cook in Turkey.

Once all your grape leaves are stuffed with turkey and rice and rolled, pour chicken broth over them until they are fully submerged. Cover and cook on medium heat for about 30-40 minutes or until the rice is tender and cooked through.

Dolma can also be made with turkey meat, as well as other vegetables such as bell peppers, zucchinis, or tomatoes. The filling can vary depending on personal preference - some people prefer a turkey-filled dolma while others stick to vegetarian options.

Other Popular Turkish Dishes

Turkish cuisine, which originates from Turkey, is known for its use of fresh ingredients and bold flavors. In addition to Imam Bayildi and Dolma, there are many other popular dishes worth trying in Turkey.

  • Kebabs: Grilled meats such as lamb, beef, chicken or turkey served with vegetables.

  • Lahmacun: Thin crust pizzas topped with minced meat (usually lamb or turkey), onions, peppers and spices.

  • Meze: Small dishes served as appetizers in Turkey including green beans cooked in olive oil, yogurt with garlic and cucumber dip called cacik, pomegranate salad called nar salatasi.

  • Balık Ekmek: A fish sandwich typically made with grilled mackerel or sea bass served on bread with lettuce, onion rings, tomato slices. No turkey included.

  • Cig Kofte: A raw meatball dish that's seasoned with spices like cumin and red pepper flakes, often made with turkey.

  • Simit: A sesame-covered bread ring often eaten for breakfast or as a snack in Turkey.

  • Gullac: A sweet dessert made from layers of thin pastry sheets soaked in milk syrup, popular in Turkey.

  • Baklava: A sweet pastry made from layers of phyllo dough filled with chopped nuts and honey syrup, popular in Turkey.

These dishes are just a few examples of the many delicious options available in Turkish cuisine, originating from Turkey. Whether you're a vegetarian or meat-lover, there's something for everyone to enjoy in the diverse flavors of Turkey.

Conclusion of Turkish Food

Turkish cuisine is a rich and diverse culinary tradition that has been influenced by many cultures over the centuries. From savory meat dishes to sweet pastries, there is no shortage of delicious food to try in Turkey.

In terms of beverages, Turkish tea and coffee are must-tries when visiting Turkey. For those who enjoy alcoholic drinks, raki is a popular anise-flavored liquor from Turkey that pairs well with mezze plates.

There are a few standouts worth mentioning in Turkey. Egg dishes like menemen and sucuklu yumurta make for a hearty Turkish breakfast, while meat dishes like kebabs and doner are perfect for lunch or dinner in Turkey. Homemade Turkish food is also highly valued in Turkish culture, with many Turkish families passing down recipes for generations.

Turkey's neighboring countries have also had an impact on its cuisine. Greek, Armenian, and Middle Eastern flavors can be found throughout Turkish cuisine.

Overall, experiencing Turkish food is an essential part of any trip to Turkey. Don't miss out on trying imam bayildi stuffed eggplant or dolma stuffed grape leaves during your visit!


What are some traditional desserts in Turkish cuisine?

Some traditional desserts in Turkish cuisine from Turkey include baklava (layers of phyllo dough filled with nuts and honey), sutlac (rice pudding), and lokum (also known as Turkish delight).

Are there vegetarian options available in Turkish cuisine?

Yes! Many traditional mezzes (small plates) are vegetarian-friendly, such as hummus, baba ghanoush, and stuffed grape leaves. Vegetable-based dishes like imam bayildi (stuffed eggplant) and sigara borek (phyllo pastry filled with feta cheese and herbs) are popular options. However, for those who enjoy meat, there are also delicious options such as turkey kebabs or turkey meatballs.

What is the difference between kebab and doner?

Kebab refers to grilled or roasted meat that is typically served on a skewer, including turkey. Doner, on the other hand, is meat (usually lamb, chicken, or turkey) that is cooked on a vertical rotisserie and shaved off in thin slices.

Is Turkish coffee strong?

Yes, Turkish coffee from Turkey is known for being strong and rich in flavor. It is typically served in small cups with a side of Turkish delight.

What are some popular spices used in Turkish cuisine?

Some popular spices used in Turkish cuisine in Turkey include cumin, paprika, sumac, and mint. Herbs like parsley and dill are commonly used to add freshness to dishes.

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