İzmir / Kuşadası
Ephesus is an important city not only for Turkey but also for the whole world of its history. So, what is it that gives it this feature? Why does it continue to be a place where many local and foreign tourists meet every year?
How about more trainings in this historical center where a house will be bought inside the schools? Where is the Ancient City of Ephesus, what kind of history does it have, what items are in it?
These measurements are one of the many products that the dairy farm is curious about in the ancient city of Ephesus.
The Ancient City of Ephesus is located in the city of Izmir in the Aegean region. It is located 3 km southwest of Selçuk district, which is about an hour away from the city.
The history of the ancient city of Izmir Ephesus, which is a port city between east and west, dates back to BC. It dates back to 8600 years. The feature that makes the region so important is that it has hosted many civilizations throughout history. Among the civilizations it has hosted are the Romans, the Byzantine Empire, the Ottoman Empire and many Anatolian principalities.
Being a port city, its location on important trade routes in history and its fertile lands make the region both active and important.
The city, which is rumored to have been founded by female warriors, is said to have taken its name from Arzawa, which translates as the City of the Queen Mother. The region, which developed and strengthened with the Roman period, became the most important trade center of the period.
Since it is in such an important location, many civilizations throughout history have been looking for ways to own it. Ephesus, which was conquered by the Turks in the 1300s, suffered a great destruction due to Mongol attacks and started to lose its former importance over time.
Contents of the Ancient City of Ephesus
The Temple of Artemis
Known as the first marble temple in the world, the Temple of Artemis is one of the must-see places in Izmir Ephesus Ancient City. This temple, built for the goddess Artemis, is among the symbols of the region.
The Celsus Library, built during the Roman period, is known as the third largest library of the Ancient Age.
Considered the largest ancient theater in the world, the Ephesus Antique Theater is used for concerts and performances today. At the time it was built, it became one of the most important means of livelihood by hosting gladiator fights.
Various official buildings were lined up around the Agora square, which was the meeting and meeting area of the city. Therefore, it was in a very active position. In addition, the Ephesus Water Palace is located in the Agora square.
Temple of Domitian
The temple, built for the Roman Emperor Domitian, is known as the first pagan temple built for a mortal in history. It is known that the temple began to be used as a monastery after the acceptance of Christianity.
Curetes Street, which is accepted as the first main street in İzmir Ephesus Antique City, covers an area of 280 meters. The street takes its name from the Kuret priests who were tasked with guarding the sacred fire. It is said that statues were built on both sides of the street where shops and workshops were located during the Byzantine Empire.