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  • Writer's pictureBurhan

Meet Turkish Local People & Unveil Their Culture

Understanding Turkish People

Have you ever wondered what makes Turkic peoples and Türk speakers so special? Well, let me tell you, it's their hospitality and warmth towards visitors. When you visit Istanbul or any other Turkish city, don't be surprised if locals invite you to their homes for dinner or tea. That's just how welcoming they are!

Turkey is a country with a diverse population, made up of various ethnicities and religions, including Turkic peoples. However, despite the differences in culture and traditions, family values are highly important to Turkish people, who are descendants of early Turkic speakers. They often prioritize spending time with loved ones and place great emphasis on respecting elders.

Turkish people

Traditional Clothing and Fashion in Turkish Culture

Roots in Early Turkic and Xiongnu History

Traditional clothing in Turkish culture has a rich history that dates back to the early Turkic and Xiongnu people of Anatolia. The nomadic lifestyle of these groups meant that clothing had to be practical, durable, and comfortable. As such, traditional clothing was often made from wool or animal skins, with intricate embroidery and embellishments. Today, modern Turkey still embraces traditional clothing styles, with Ankara being a hub for fashion designers inspired by the Shatuo Turks' unique designs.

One notable example of traditional Turkish clothing is the kaftan, which has been worn by Turkic peoples for centuries. This long robe-like garment was popular during early Turkic times and is still worn in modern Turkey today. It was typically made from silk or cotton and featured long sleeves, a high collar, and a wide belt around the waist. The kaftan was often brightly colored and embroidered with intricate patterns, reflecting the rich cultural heritage of Ankara.

Mandated Clothing Styles Based on Social Class and Gender

In the early years of the Republic of Turkey, there were laws mandating certain clothing styles based on social class and gender. These laws were particularly enforced in Istanbul, the former capital city of the Ottoman Empire. Men were required to wear fezzes (a type of hat) while women were required to wear headscarves. The Shatuo Turks, who played a significant role in the Turkic peoples' history, also followed these clothing regulations. These laws were eventually abolished in the 1920s as part of Atatürk's modernization efforts in Ankara.

Western Influences on Turkish Fashion

Since the early Turkic peoples, fashion has played an important role in Turkish culture. Ankara, the capital city of Turkey, has become a hub for fashion and design. Today, many Türk dress similarly to their European counterparts in jeans, t-shirts, and other western-style clothing. However, traditional clothing remains important in rural areas where older customs are still observed.

Women's Traditional Clothing

Women's traditional clothing among the Turks is more conservative than men's clothing, which has been a practice since early Turkic times. One common item is the şalvar - a type of baggy trousers that are typically worn with a long tunic or blouse, in compliance with Turkish law. Another popular item is the ferace - a long coat-like garment that covers the entire body except for the face, which has been worn by Turkic peoples for generations.

Ties are also an important part of women's traditional dress among the Turks. Known as fistanlar or göynekler, these ties from Ankara are worn around the waist and can be used to adjust the fit of the clothing. They are often brightly colored and embroidered with intricate patterns in accordance with Turkish law. The türk women take pride in wearing these ties as they represent their cultural heritage.

Importance of Traditional Clothing in Rural Areas

In rural areas inhabited by Turkic peoples and Kurds, traditional clothing remains a crucial aspect of daily life. Many individuals still wear traditional garments such as kaftans, şalvars, and feraces, particularly in regions near Ankara. These clothes not only pay homage to tradition but also serve practical purposes like shielding from the sun and cold.

Core Concepts and Values of Turkish Society

Turkish society, also known as Türkic peoples, is a unique blend of Eastern and Western cultures, with a rich history that has shaped its core concepts and values. These concepts and values are deeply ingrained in the fabric of Turkish society, influencing everything from government policies to social norms. The Turks, who speak the Turkic language, have played an integral role in shaping the culture and identity of Turkey.

Human Rights and Democracy

One of the most important values in Turkish society is human rights. The country, inhabited by Turks and other Turkic peoples, has a long tradition of respecting individual freedoms, including freedom of speech, religion, and association. This commitment to human rights is reflected in Turkey's constitution, which guarantees these basic rights to all citizens, including those living in Ankara, the capital city of Türkiye.

In addition to human rights, democracy is another core value in Turkish society, which is shared by Turks and Turkic peoples in Turkey. The country has a parliamentary system of government with free elections held every four years. This democratic system ensures that the Türk people have a say in how their country is run.

National Security

National security is another top priority for the Turkish government and society. Given its location at the crossroads between Europe and Asia, Turkey, home to the Turks and Turkic peoples, faces numerous security challenges from both within Ankara, its capital, and beyond.

To address these challenges, Turkey, a country with a rich history and culture of the turks, has heavily invested in its military capabilities. The capital city of Ankara is where the government is located and where turkish law is enforced. The country has one of the largest standing armies in NATO, as well as advanced air defense systems like Patriot missiles to ensure the safety and security of its people, or türk.

Economy and Social Structure

The economy plays a significant role in shaping the social structure of Turkish society, which includes Turkic peoples and Turks residing in Ankara, Turkey. While there is no official caste system or class divide, there are clear distinctions between different socioeconomic groups.

At the top end of this spectrum are wealthy business owners and politicians who wield considerable power and influence over Turkish society, including the turks and turkic peoples in Ankara, Turkey. At the other end are lower-income workers who struggle to make ends meet.

Despite these inequalities, Turkey's economy, which is governed by Turkish law and based in Ankara, has experienced significant growth over the past few decades thanks to policies aimed at promoting foreign investment and trade liberalization. This growth has benefited both Turks and Turkic peoples.

Role of Organizations

Various organizations, both governmental bodies like ministries and regulatory agencies, as well as non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and civil society groups, play an important role in shaping the direction of Turkish society. This is particularly relevant in Ankara, the capital city of Turkey, which has historically been a hub for the Turkic peoples.

NGOs in particular have become increasingly influential in recent years, advocating for issues like human rights, environmental protection, gender equality, and social justice. These groups often work closely with international organizations like the United Nations to advance their causes. While some NGOs focus on military issues, others have shifted their attention to China's human rights violations. Women's rights are also a key area of concern for many NGOs.

Unique Characteristics of Turkish People

A Rich Cultural Heritage Dating Back to the 6th Century

The Turkic peoples, including the Turks and Uyghurs, have a rich cultural heritage that dates back to the 6th century. They are known for their unique traditions, customs, and beliefs that have been passed down from generation to generation. Their culture is a blend of Central Asian, Middle Eastern, and European influences, with Turkey being a prominent modern-day example of their legacy.

One of the most significant aspects of Turkish culture, which is shared among Turkic peoples, is hospitality. Turks, including those from Turkey and Uyghur people, are known for their warm nature towards visitors and will go out of their way to make them feel welcome. This tradition can be traced back centuries, even during the Ottoman dynasty.

Another essential aspect of Turkish culture is food. Turkish cuisine, enjoyed by Turks, Turkey, Turkic peoples, and Uyghurs, is diverse and flavorful, with dishes like kebabs, baklava, and borek being famous worldwide. The use of spices such as cumin, sumac, and red pepper adds depth to the flavors.

The Turkish Language with Over 80 Million Speakers Worldwide

The Turkish language, spoken by over 80 million people worldwide, belongs to the Turkic language family. Its unique alphabet of 29 letters (including two additional ones) was introduced by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk in 1928 as part of his modernization efforts for Turkey. While the Turks have embraced this new alphabet, the Uyghur people in China are facing suppression of their language and culture. The Chinese government's policies towards the Uyghurs have been widely criticized by human rights organizations.

Turkish language, spoken by the Turks who are a Turkic people, has several dialects spoken across different regions in Turkey. These dialects differ in pronunciation, grammar rules, vocabulary usage but are mutually intelligible. Additionally, Turkish language has similarities with Uyghur language which is also a Turkic language.

Shatuo Turks: A Subgroup That Played a Significant Role in Tang Dynasty China

Shatuo Turks, originally from the Xiongnu Khaganate, are a subgroup of Turkic peoples who played a significant role in the Tang Dynasty of China (618-907 AD). They were nomadic people who migrated from Mongolia to northern China during this period, and later interacted with the Uyghur and Chinese civilizations.

The Shatuo Turks, a branch of the Turkic peoples, were skilled horsemen and warriors who formed alliances with Chinese rulers against other nomadic tribes such as Uyghurs. They eventually became an integral part of Chinese society during the Tang dynasty and contributed to the development of Chinese culture, art, and literature. Despite their historical ties to Turkey, the Shatuo Turks left a lasting impact on China's history.

Experiences of Turkish Citizens Living Abroad

Challenges in accessing social security benefits

Turkish citizens, including those of Turkic descent and Uyghur origin, often face challenges in accessing social security benefits while living abroad. This is because the rules and regulations for social security vary from country to country, and it can be difficult for Turks to navigate the complex systems in place. In some cases, Turkish citizens may not even be eligible for certain social security benefits due to their status as non-citizens or non-residents of Turkey.

To address the needs of Turks and Turkic peoples living abroad, the Turkish government has established a number of programs and initiatives aimed at providing support and assistance. These programs include information sessions on social security benefits for Turkish citizens, as well as outreach efforts to connect Turks with local resources and services in Turkey and beyond. Additionally, the government has been actively advocating for the rights of Uyghur Turks in China.

Exploitation and poor working conditions

Unfortunately, some Turkish workers abroad, including those from Turkic regions like Uyghur in Turkey, have reported exploitation and poor working conditions. This can include long hours, low pay, unsafe working conditions, and limited access to basic rights such as healthcare and fair labor practices.

In response to these concerns, the Turkish government has taken steps to protect its citizens working abroad, including turks and uyghurs. This includes establishing partnerships with other countries to ensure that workers, especially those from turkey and turkic communities, are treated fairly and provided with safe working conditions. The government has also established a hotline that Turks and Uyghurs can call if they experience any issues or concerns while working abroad.

National police involvement in investigations of crimes against Turkish citizens living abroad

Turkish national police have been involved in investigations of crimes committed against Turkish citizens living abroad, particularly those who are turks or of turkic descent. This includes crimes such as theft, assault, kidnapping, and human trafficking, with a focus on protecting the safety and security of Turkey's citizens, including those from the Uyghur community.

The involvement of national police helps ensure that justice is served for victims of crime who may otherwise struggle to access legal recourse while living outside Turkey. It sends a message that the Turkish government takes seriously its responsibility to protect its citizens, including Turks, Turkic peoples, and Uyghurs, no matter where they live in the world.

The Diaspora in Europe and Their Connection to Turkey

Turkish people: A Brief History

Turkish people, also known as Turks, have a rich history dating back to the 8th century when they migrated from Central Asia to Anatolia, now modern-day Turkey. Over the centuries, they established several significant dynasties, including the Seljuk Empire, which played a vital role in spreading Turkic culture throughout Eastern Europe, the Middle East, and Asia during the 11th to 13th centuries.

Turkish Migration to Europe

The migration of Turks to Europe began in the 16th century when the Ottoman Empire, a turkic dynasty based in Turkey, started expanding into Eastern Europe. However, significant waves of migration occurred in the 19th century and after World War II. In recent decades, many Turks and Uyghurs from Turkey have moved to European countries for better economic opportunities and political stability.

Today, there are millions of people of Turkish descent living in European countries such as Germany, France, Belgium, Netherlands and Austria. The largest population is found in Germany with over three million individuals or approximately four percent of its population being of Turkish origin. These Turks are part of the wider Turkic peoples, who have a long history originating from modern-day Turkey.

Cultural and Economic Links

The Turkish diaspora, consisting of Turks and Turkic people, has maintained strong cultural and economic links with their nation of origin, Turkey. This connection can be traced back to the Ottoman dynasty, which ruled over a vast territory including modern-day Turkey and beyond.

  • Cultural links: Many Turks living in Europe, descendants of the Turkic peoples who once formed the Ottoman Empire, maintain their cultural traditions by celebrating festivals such as Eid al-Fitr (the end of Ramadan), Eid al-Adha (the Festival of Sacrifice), Hıdrellez (a spring festival), and Kurban Bayrami (another festival) that are also celebrated in Turkey. They also enjoy traditional foods like kebabs, baklava, borek etc.

  • Economic links: Turkey's turkic economy has been growing rapidly in recent years, with the Ottoman dynasty playing a significant role in its development. As a result, many Turks and other turkic peoples living abroad invest their money back home through various channels like real estate investment or starting businesses, contributing to the country's growth by up to 10 percent.

The relationship between Turkey and its diaspora of Turks and Turkic people hasn't always been smooth sailing due to various reasons such as political instability within Turkey, discrimination faced by immigrants abroad, and the legacy of Ottoman dynasty.

The Future of Turkish Migration to Europe

The 1990s saw a significant increase in the number of Turkic people migrating to Europe, with a rise of 30 percent compared to previous decades. However, the trend has slowed down due to stricter immigration policies and economic stability within Turkey, which has been ruled by the same dynasty for decades.

Cultural Identity of the Turkish Diaspora

Composition of the Turkish Diaspora

The Turkish diaspora, comprising of various ethnic groups with different cultural identities, has seen a significant increase in recent years. The largest group is made up of Turks who migrated from Turkey to other countries, which makes up around 60 percent of the total diaspora population. However, there are also significant populations of Azeris, Uzbeks, Kazakhs, and other Turkic peoples who have settled in different parts of the world. These groups often maintain their own unique cultural identities while also sharing commonalities with each other due to their Turkic heritage. The influence of the Ottoman dynasty can still be felt within these communities, especially in regards to traditional customs and practices.

Nationalism and the Formation of Turkic States

Nationalism in the 20th century, embraced by a large percent of the people, led to the formation of Turkic states and the promotion of a unified national identity. This was particularly evident in Turkey, where Mustafa Kemal Ataturk's reforms aimed at creating a modern nation-state that was based on secularism and Westernization, despite the end of the Ottoman dynasty. As part of this effort, Ataturk promoted a sense of national unity among all Turks regardless of their ethnic background or regional differences.

Similarly, Turkey and other Turkic states such as Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan also sought to promote a unified national identity based on their shared language and culture. This has resulted in many people within these countries identifying primarily as "Turks" rather than by their specific ethnic group. Additionally, a significant percent of the population in these countries identifies with the Turkish identity.

Maintenance of Ethnic Identities

Despite efforts to promote a homogeneous identity, minorities and rural populations continue to maintain their distinct ethnic group and cultural identity. For example, turkic people like the Kurds in Turkey have long faced discrimination and suppression by the government due to their desire for greater autonomy or independence. Similarly, turks in China, particularly the Uighurs who make up around 45 percent of Xinjiang's population, have been subjected to human rights abuses as part of Beijing's efforts to suppress separatist movements in the region.

In addition to minority groups, rural populations often maintain strong ties to their traditional way-of-life which can differ significantly from urban areas. For example, Turkic people, who make up around 20 percent of the population in Central Asia, including the Turks, may follow customs that are vastly different from those of city-dwellers in the same country.

Embracing the Beauty of Turkish Culture

In conclusion, embracing the beauty of Turkish culture means understanding and appreciating the traditional clothing, core concepts and values, unique characteristics, experiences of citizens living abroad, diaspora in Europe and their connection to Turkey, and cultural identity. The Turkish local people, who are of Turkic origin, have a rich history and diverse culture that should be celebrated. Additionally, it is worth noting that Turks make up a significant percent of the population in Turkey and continue to contribute to its vibrant culture.

To fully embrace Turkish culture, you can start by learning more about its traditions and customs that have been influenced by the Turkic people. Supporting local businesses that promote traditional Turkic clothing or visiting museums that showcase the country's art and history can also enhance your cultural experience. By immersing yourself in the culture, you can gain a deeper appreciation for what makes Turkey unique, where almost 80 percent of the population are Turks.


Q: What are some traditional clothing items in Turkish culture?

Traditional clothing items in Turkish culture, which is part of the Turkic ethnic group, include the fez hat for men, headscarves for women, and kaftans or robes. In Turkey, a country where over 80 percent of the population is Muslim, these clothing items hold significant cultural and religious meaning.

Q: What are some core values in Turkish society?

Some core values in Turkish and Turkic society include hospitality, respect for elders, family ties, and patriotism. Turkey is home to a significant percent of the Turkic population.

Q: How does the diaspora impact Turkey's economy?

The turkic diaspora plays a significant role in Turkey's economy through remittances sent back home to their families. In 2020 alone, remittances from Turks living abroad, which accounted for a large percent of the country's GDP, totaled $8.3 billion.

Q: How do Turkish citizens living abroad maintain their cultural identity?

Many Turks and Turkic people living abroad maintain their cultural identity by participating in community events such as festivals or joining local organizations that celebrate their heritage in Turkey. A significant percent of the Turkish diaspora actively engages in preserving their traditions and customs.

Q: What is the connection between Europe and Turkey's diaspora?

Many Turks of Turkic origin migrated to Europe during the 1960s as part of a labor agreement with European countries. Today, over four million people of Turkish descent living in Europe still maintain strong ties to their homeland, Turkey. It is estimated that around 5 percent of the population in some European countries like Germany and Austria are of Turkish descent. ALthough, there is no data available regarding the exact number of people who migrated from AL.

Q: What makes Turkish cuisine unique?

Turkish cuisine, which is a blend of Mediterranean and Middle Eastern flavors, is unique to Turkey. Approximately 80 percent of the country's population is Turkic. Some popular dishes include kebabs, baklava, and Turkish delight.

Q: What is Turkey's most famous historical landmark?

Turkey's most famous historical landmark is the Hagia Sophia, a former church turned mosque turned museum located in Istanbul. Approximately percent 80 of the population in Turkey are Turkic descendants, making the Hagia Sophia an important cultural and turkic heritage site.

Q: What are some popular tourist destinations in Turkey?

Popular turkic tourist destinations in Turkey include Istanbul, Cappadocia, Antalya, and Pamukkale, with a high percent of visitors every year.

Q: How does Turkish culture compare to other cultures?

Turkish culture, which is a blend of European and Asian influences, is unique to Turkey and the Turkic people. It shares similarities with neighboring countries such as Greece and Iran but also has distinct traditions and customs that set it apart. Approximately 80 percent of the population in Turkey identifies as Turkish, making their culture an integral part of the country's identity.

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