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Kayseri History: From Ancient Times to Modern Day

Kayseri is a city located in central Turkey, known for its rich cultural heritage and long history dating back to ancient times. This bustling city has been home to different civilizations, each leaving its unique mark on the city's architecture, culture, and traditions. In this article, we will take you on a journey through time and explore the history of Kayseri, from its earliest settlements to modern-day life.

Early Settlements in Kayseri

Kayseri's history dates back to 4000 BC when the ancient city of Kultepe was established, making it one of the earliest settlements in the region. The city was then ruled by the Hittites and Assyrians, who played a significant role in shaping the city's culture and architecture. In later years, Greek influence also left its mark on the city, evident in the ruins of temples and theaters.

Roman and Byzantine Rule

Kayseri played an important role during Roman and Byzantine rule, serving as a strategic commercial center in the region. In 14 AD, the Roman Emperor Augustus founded Caesarea, which would later become Kayseri. The city was known for its thriving textile industry and its Christian influence during the Byzantine period. However, Arab invasions caused significant damage to the city and slowed down its growth.

Seljuk and Ottoman Periods

The Seljuk Empire conquered Kayseri in the 12th century and transformed it into an important stop on the Silk Road, a major trade route connecting the East and the West. Kayseri's strategic location and its access to trade and commerce helped it thrive during the Seljuk period. The Ottoman Empire modernized the city, establishing textile factories and other industries, and made it a hub for trade and commerce.

Kayseri in Modern Times

In the 20th century, Kayseri played a significant role in the establishment of the Republic of Turkey. The city has become a leading center for industry and commerce, known for its production of textiles, machinery, and food products. Kayseri's growth and development in modern times are a testament to its rich history and strategic location.


Kayseri is a city with a fascinating past and a vibrant present. Its long and diverse history has shaped its culture and architecture, making it a cultural and historical hub in central Turkey. Today, Kayseri remains a center for industry and commerce, attracting visitors from all over the world who come to explore its fascinating past and vibrant present. Whether you're interested in history, culture, or modern-day industry, Kayseri has something to offer for everyone.

Kayseri City Tour

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