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  • Writer's pictureMuhammed Yıldırım

Bursa Turkey: Explore the Charming Cumalıkızık Village, 700 Years in the Making

Have you heard of the charming village of Cumalıkızık in Bursa, Turkey? This quaint village, which was founded by the Oghuz Turks, is located just a short distance from Istanbul and has been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage site. If you're a fan of exploring historic villages, then Cumalıkızık should definitely be on your list of must-visit villages in Turkey.


Located in the northwest region of Turkey, Bursa is the fourth-largest city in the country and boasts an impressive array of historical landmarks and natural beauty. It was once an important stop along the Silk Road, which helped shape its rich cultural heritage. Bursa is also nearby Istanbul, an Ottoman village that was founded by the Oghuz Turks, and is located in the Yıldırım district.


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One particular attraction that stands out is Cumalıkızık Village, one of the charming villages in Turkey. This well-preserved Ottoman village is nestled within Bursa and offers visitors a glimpse into traditional Turkish life with its unique architecture and picturesque streets. For those looking to explore more of Turkey's villages, Istanbul and Turkey tours offer a variety of options to discover the country's hidden gems.

To promote tourism in the region, the Bursa Metropolitan Municipality has implemented various initiatives such as restoring historical landmarks and developing new tourist attractions. With these efforts, Bursa has become a must-visit destination for tourists seeking an authentic Turkish experience. Additionally, those looking to explore beyond Bursa can join Turkey tours starting from Istanbul, which is easily accessible from Bursa. For a unique experience, tourists can also visit the Ottoman village in Bursa to immerse themselves in the rich history of the region.

So if you're wondering how to get from Istanbul to Bursa or Cumalıkızık village, or what else there is to see in this fascinating city, consider Turkey tours and explore the historic kulliyes.


History of Cumalıkızık Village and Its Connection to the Ottoman Empire

A Rich History Dating Back to the 14th Century

Cumalıkızık Village, located in Bursa, Turkey, has a rich history that dates back to the 14th century. The village, also known as Cumalikizik, was founded in the early years of the Ottoman Empire and served as an important center for trade and commerce. Its strategic location along the Silk Road made it a hub for merchants traveling between Europe and Asia. In addition, the village is home to several historic mosques and kulliyes, including one built during the Ottoman period. Although not located in Istanbul, Cumalıkızık Village is a must-visit destination for those interested in exploring Turkey's rich cultural heritage.


The village of Cumalıkızık, located near Istanbul, is named after one of its earliest settlers, Cumali. Known for its unique architecture featuring houses made from wood and mud bricks, Cumalıkızık also boasts a beautiful mosque and kulliyes. Today, visitors can still see many of the original houses and experience life during the Ottoman period in this charming village.


An Important Center for Silk Production During the 19th Century

During the 19th century, Cumalıkızık Village, located near Istanbul, became an important center for silk production. The villagers would raise silkworms and harvest their cocoons to create silk thread that could be woven into textiles. This industry brought wealth and prosperity to the village, which can still be seen in some of its grander homes and historic Kulliyes (religious complexes) featuring a beautiful mosque.


One notable example in the Ottoman village is the house of Osman Gazi Bey, which was built in 1870 by a wealthy merchant who made his fortune through silk production. The house is located near Istanbul and features intricate carvings on its wooden facade and ornate decorations throughout its interior. Nearby, there is also a beautiful mosque and other historic buildings worth exploring.


A Resting Place for Soldiers During Campaigns

In addition to its economic importance, Cumalıkızık Village also played a significant role in Ottoman military campaigns. It served as a resting place for soldiers traveling between Istanbul and Bursa during times of war. The village is also home to a beautiful mosque and kulliyes, making it a popular destination for toursfrom Bursa. Visitors can enjoy the lush green surroundings while exploring the historic sites.

The village's location near Mount Uludağ, in Bursa Turkey, made it an ideal spot for soldiers traveling between Istanbul and other cities to rest before continuing on their journey. They would stay in traditional Ottoman-style guesthouses, known as "kervansarays," which were often part of larger complexes called "kulliyes" that included a mosque for prayer. These guesthouses provided shelter, food, and a place to rest for the weary travelers.


Today, visitors can still see the remains of these guesthouses in Cumalıkızık Village, located near Istanbul. They serve as a reminder of the village's important role in Ottoman history, as it was once home to several kulliyes and mosques. Toursfrom Istanbul often include visits to this historic village, where tourists can explore the ancient guesthouses and learn about the Ottoman Empire's rich legacy.


Traditional Ottoman Houses in Cumalıkızık Village

Cumalıkızık is a small village located in the Bursa province of Turkey. This early Ottoman settlement has been preserved for centuries and offers visitors a glimpse into the traditional way of life during the Ottoman period. One of the most notable features of Cumalıkızık is its historical houses that date back to the Ottoman era. Additionally, the village is home to several kulliyes and mosques that showcase the region's rich Islamic heritage. For those interested in exploring Cumalıkızık's historical sites, toursfrom the nearby city of Bursa are available. The village is also known for its lush green surroundings, making it a great destination for nature lovers.


The Ottoman Empire and Cumalıkızık Village

The Ottoman Empire, founded by Oghuz Turks in 1299, lasted until 1922. During this time, the Ottomans built numerous settlements throughout their empire, including Cumalıkızık. The village was established during the reign of Orhan Gazi, who was one of the early sultans of the Ottoman Empire. In Cumalıkızık, there is a beautiful green mosque and kulliyes managed by the local community.


Historical Houses in Cumalıkızık

One of the main attractions in Cumalıkızık is its historical houses. These houses were built using traditional Ottoman architecture and feature unique designs that reflect the cultural heritage of Turkey. Additionally, the area is home to a beautiful green mosque and several kulliyes that add to the charm of the village. Some notable examples include:

  • Orhan Gazi Kulliye: This complex, located in the Ottoman village of Cumalıkızık, includes a mosque, madrasah (Islamic school), imaret (soup kitchen), and tomb. It was one of the earliest kulliyes built during Orhan Gazi's reign and is still one of the oldest structures in the village.

  • Green Mosque: This mosque, located in Bursa, was built during Sultan Murad II's reign and is known for its distinctive green tiles that cover its exterior walls. It is part of a larger complex of buildings called kulliyes, which includes a madrasa, a hospital, and a public kitchen.

  • Other Historical Houses: In addition to the well-preserved homes, Cumalıkızık also boasts a beautiful mosque and kulliyes. These structures showcase intricate tile work and ornate carvings just like the wooden balconies found in the historical houses.

Traditional Ottoman Architecture

The houses and mosques in Cumalikizik are excellent examples of traditional Ottoman architecture. They typically have two or three stories with wooden balconies on each level. The houses are made of mud brick, stone, and wood, which helps keep them cool in the summer and warm in the winter. The interior of these homes also features unique designs that reflect Ottoman culture, such as colorful tiles and intricate carvings. Additionally, the kulliyes in Cumalikizik are also great examples of Ottoman architecture.


Visiting Cumalıkızık Village

If you're planning a trip to Turkey, be sure to add Cumalıkızık village to your itinerary. This small town offers visitors a chance to experience traditional Ottoman architecture and culture firsthand. You can take a guided tour of the historical houses or explore the village on your own. Don't forget to visit some of the local shops that sell traditional Turkish handicrafts like ceramics, textiles, and jewelry. Additionally, you can also visit the beautiful mosque in the village.


Local Cuisine of Bursa Turkey and Cumalıkızık Village

Must-Try Local Cuisine in Bursa Turkey

Bursa, located in the northwestern part of Turkey, is known for its rich culinary heritage and beautiful mosques. The city has a variety of dishes that are unique to the area and must-tries for foodies. One of the most popular dishes is Iskender kebab, which consists of thinly sliced lamb meat served over pita bread with tomato sauce and melted butter. Another dish worth trying is Manti, a type of Turkish dumpling filled with ground beef or lamb and served with yogurt sauce.

Apart from these two famous dishes, visitors should also make time to visit the mosques in Bursa. In addition to culinary delights, Bursa is also known for its stunning mosques such as the Green Mosque and the Grand Mosque. Hünkar Beğendi is another Ottoman-style dish made with smoked eggplant puree topped with slow-cooked lamb chunks. You can also try the Stuffed Zucchini Flowers (Kabak Çiçeği Dolması), which are stuffed with rice, herbs, and spices.


Traditional Turkish Dishes in Cumalıkızık Village

Cumalıkızık Village, located on the outskirts of Bursa City, is known for its traditional Turkish cuisine and beautiful mosque. The village offers a range of unique dishes that reflect the region's culinary heritage, including Kuzu Kapama, a slow-cooked lamb stew made with tomatoes, onions, garlic, and green peppers.

Another popular dish in Cumalıkızık Village is Pide Ekmek - a type of Turkish flatbread baked in a wood-fired oven and topped with cheese or meat. You can also try Gözleme – thin pastry dough filled with spinach or cheese. In addition, the village is known for its beautiful mosque that attracts many visitors.


Delicious Ottoman-style Meals at Kulliye of Osman Gazi

The Kulliye of Osman Gazi in Bursa City dates back to 1299 and is known for its delicious Ottoman-style meals. The Kulliye is a complex of buildings that includes a mosque, hospital, school, and soup kitchen. The restaurant located in the Kulliye serves traditional Ottoman dishes such as Lamb Shank with Okra (Bamya), which is slow-cooked lamb shank served with okra and tomato sauce.


Another must-try dish at the Kulliye of Osman Gazi mosque is the Pasha's Delight (Paşa Lokumu), which is a dessert made with semolina, sugar syrup, and pistachios. Visitors can also try the Imam Bayildi – stuffed eggplant with tomatoes and onions.


Authentic Dishes by Locals in Yıldırım District

The Yıldırım District in Bursa City takes pride in its culinary heritage and offers visitors a variety of authentic dishes. One such dish is Tandir Kebab, which consists of marinated lamb meat cooked slowly in an underground oven called tandir. Another popular dish in the district is Etli Ekmek – Turkish flatbread topped with ground beef or lamb. The district is also home to a beautiful mosque for visitors to explore.

Visitors can also try Sulu Köfte – meatballs simmered in tomato sauce and served over bulgur pilaf or rice. For dessert, you can try Revani - a type of semolina cake soaked in sugar syrup or Künefe – sweet cheese pastry soaked in syrup. If you have time, don't forget to visit the nearby mosque for a peaceful prayer.


Stroll Through the Cobblestone Streets of Cumalıkızık Village

Explore the Historic Town and Visit the Museum and Tombs

Cumalıkızık village is a historic town located in Bursa, Turkey. The village has been around since the 14th century, and its cobblestone streets have remained unchanged throughout history. Additionally, the village boasts a beautiful mosque that adds to its charm. Taking a stroll through these charming streets and visiting the mosque will transport you back in time to when life was simpler.

As you walk through Cumalıkızık village, you'll notice that many of the houses are made of wood and have red-tiled roofs. The village's urban planning is impressive, with narrow streets winding between the houses. You can also visit the mosque to offer your prayers and learn more about the town's history or explore some of its tombs.


The museum in Cumalıkızık showcases artifacts from different periods of the town's history, including a mosque. You'll see traditional clothing, tools used by villagers in their daily lives, ancient coins, and the mosque. If you're interested in learning more about Turkish culture and history, this museum is a must-visit.

In addition to the museum, there is a beautiful mosque in Cumalıkızık that is definitely worth visiting.


Enjoy a Day Trip from Bursa or Join Tours from Other Nearby Places

If you're staying in Bursa or any other nearby place, taking a day trip to Cumalıkızık mosque is highly recommended. It's just a short drive away from Bursa city center and offers a unique experience that can't be found elsewhere.


There are also tours available that will take you to Cumalıkızık village as part of a larger itinerary. These tours usually include transportation as well as visits to other nearby places such as Uludağ National Park or the capital city of Ankara.


Admire the Urban Planning of the Village and Park Your Car in Designated Parking Areas

One of the most impressive things about Cumalıkızık village is its urban planning. The narrow streets winding between the houses were designed to provide shade during hot summers while also allowing for easy access to all parts of the town. It's a great example of how urban planning can be both functional and beautiful.

If you're driving to Cumalıkızık, it's important to note that parking can be difficult due to the narrow streets. However, there are designated parking areas available where you can safely leave your car while exploring the village on foot.


Cumalıkızık village is a hidden gem in Bursa, Turkey. Its cobblestone streets, historic houses, and impressive urban planning make it a must-visit destination for anyone interested in Turkish culture and history. Whether you're taking a day trip from Bursa or joining a tour from another nearby place, don't miss out on this unique experience.


Practical Tips for Visitors to Explore Cumalıkızık and Bursa

Easily Explore Cumalıkızık and Bursa in a Day Trip

If you're looking for a unique experience in Turkey, visiting Cumalıkızık village and Bursa is a must. These two destinations are located near each other, making it easy to explore them both on a day trip. You can start your day by exploring the charming village of Cumalıkızık, with its cobblestone streets and traditional Ottoman houses. Then head over to Bursa, where you'll find historic sites like the Green Mosque and mausoleum of Osman Gazi.


Check Tripadvisor Reviews and Bubble Rating Before Choosing a Tour Operator

When planning your trip to Cumalıkızık and Bursa, it's important to choose a reputable tour operator. One way to do this is by checking their Tripadvisor reviews and bubble rating. Look for operators that have high ratings from past customers, as this indicates that they provide excellent service.


Wear Comfortable Shoes as the Village Has Cobblestone Streets and Steep Hills

Cumalıkızık village has narrow cobblestone streets that can be challenging to navigate in heels or uncomfortable shoes. To fully enjoy your visit without worrying about sore feet or tripping over uneven terrain, wear comfortable shoes with good traction. This will also make it easier for you to walk up the steep hills that lead to some of the village's best viewpoints.


Respect Locals' Privacy And Avoid Taking Photos of Their Homes Without Permission

While visiting Cumalıkızık village, keep in mind that people still live in the traditional Ottoman houses here. Be respectful of their privacy by avoiding taking photos of their homes without permission. If you want to take pictures inside someone's home or courtyard, always ask first.

Natural Beauty of Bursa Turkey: Uludağ National Park

Uludağ Mountain: A Nature Lover's Paradise

If you're a nature lover, then Uludağ Mountain is the perfect destination for you. Located in Bursa, Turkey, this mountain is the highest peak in Western Turkey and offers breathtaking views of the surrounding countryside. Whether you're an experienced hiker or just looking for a leisurely stroll, there's something for everyone on Uludağ Mountain.


For those who want to challenge themselves, hiking to the summit of Uludağ Mountain is a must-do activity. The trek can take anywhere from 4-6 hours depending on your fitness level and experience. Along the way, you'll be treated to stunning views of the surrounding valleys and forests.


If hiking isn't your thing, don't worry! There are plenty of other activities to do on Uludağ Mountain. During the winter months, visitors can hit the slopes at one of Turkey's top ski resorts. In the summer months, there are plenty of opportunities for mountain biking and paragliding.


Uludağ National Park: A UNESCO World Heritage Site

Uludağ National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site that covers over 13,000 hectares of land. It's known for its diverse flora and fauna and is home to over 1,500 different plant species. The park also has several natural springs and waterfalls that add to its beauty.


One of the most popular activities in Uludağ National Park is bird watching. The park is home to over 200 different bird species including eagles, owls, and woodpeckers. Visitors can also go on guided tours led by local experts who can help them spot some of these amazing creatures.


Another popular activity in Uludağ National Park is camping. There are several campgrounds located throughout the park where visitors can pitch their tents and spend the night under the stars. It's a great way to experience the beauty of the park up close and personal.


The Green Tomb: A Historic Site on the World Heritage List

The Green Tomb is a historic site located in Bursa, Turkey that dates back to the Ottoman Empire. It's a mausoleum that was built for Sultan Mehmed I and his family. The tomb is named after its green tiles which were imported from Iznik, Turkey.

The Green Tomb is on the World Heritage List and is considered one of the most important historical sites in Bursa. Visitors can explore the tomb and learn about its history through guided tours led by local experts. The tomb also offers stunning views of Bursa cityscape.


In addition to exploring the tomb itself, visitors can also take a stroll through the surrounding gardens which are filled with beautiful flowers and trees. It's a great place to relax and enjoy some peace and quiet away from the hustle and bustle of city life.


Why Bursa Turkey and Cumalıkızık Village Should Be on Your Travel List

If you're looking for a unique travel experience, then Bursa Turkey and Cumalıkızık Village should definitely be on your list. This region offers an authentic glimpse into Ottoman history, traditional architecture, local cuisine, and natural beauty. Here are some reasons why you should consider visiting this hidden gem.


History of Cumalıkızık Village and Its Connection to the Ottoman Empire

Cumalıkızık Village is a living museum that dates back to the 14th century. It was one of the first Ottoman settlements in Bursa and served as a gateway to Istanbul during the empire's early days. The village has preserved its original layout and architecture, including narrow streets, wooden houses, and stone walls. Visitors can explore the remains of old mosques, hamams (Turkish baths), fountains, and cemeteries that reflect the daily life of Ottomans.


Traditional Ottoman Houses in Cumalıkızık Village

One of the highlights of Cumalıkızık is its traditional Ottoman houses. These houses were built with natural materials such as wood, mud-brick, and stone to withstand harsh weather conditions. They feature high ceilings, bay windows (cumba), fireplaces (soba), courtyards (avlu), and intricate carvings that showcase Ottoman artistry. Some houses have been converted into cafes or souvenir shops where visitors can taste local delicacies or buy handmade crafts.


Local Cuisine of Bursa Turkey and Cumalıkızık Village

Bursa is famous for its rich culinary heritage that blends Turkish, Balkan, Greek, Armenian, Jewish, and Arab influences. Some must-try dishes include İskender kebabı (grilled lamb with tomato sauce over pita bread), pideli köfte (meatballs with bulgur and tomato sauce), manti (Turkish ravioli with yogurt and garlic), and baklava (sweet pastry with pistachio). In Cumalıkızık, visitors can taste homemade jams, pickles, olive oil, honey, and gözleme (Turkish crepe) made by local villagers.


Stroll Through the Cobblestone Streets of Cumalıkızık Village

Walking around Cumalıkızık is like stepping back in time. The village's narrow streets are paved with cobblestones that lead to hidden corners, gardens, and viewpoints. Visitors can admire the unique architecture of Ottoman houses, listen to the sound of birds chirping, smell the aroma of fresh bread from wood-fired ovens, and interact with friendly locals who share their stories and traditions.


Practical Tips for Visitors to Explore Cumalıkızık and Bursa

If you're planning to visit Bursa Turkey and Cumalıkızık Village, here are some practical tips to make your trip more enjoyable:

  • Wear comfortable shoes as there are many uphill paths in Cumalıkızık

  • Bring a hat or umbrella as it can get hot during summer

  • Respect local customs such as covering your shoulders or legs when entering mosques

  • Bargain politely when shopping at bazaars or markets

  • Learn some basic Turkish phrases such as "merhaba" (hello), "teşekkür ederim" (thank you), or "bir çay lütfen" (one tea please)

  • Hire a licensed tour guide if you want to learn more about the history and culture of Bursa

Natural Beauty of Bursa Turkey: Uludağ National Park

Bursa is not only famous for its historical sites but also for its natural beauty. Uludağ National Park is located on top of Mount Uludağ and offers breathtaking views of the city, forests, and waterfalls. Visitors can hike, ski, camp, or picnic in the park while enjoying the fresh air and tranquility of nature.

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